The school managed by the Jesuits aims to train young people into excellent human beings in the academic field that encourages them to progress in the fields of science and technology. In terms of conscientious sensitivity, young people are encouraged to recognize themselves more, develop the ability to cultivate a spiritual life, and have sufficient knowledge and experience about society and all its problems. In order to foster a spirit of compassion, young people are encouraged to open their hearts to solidarity with and dare to endure the suffering of others. To foster the values above, young people are also encouraged to build a commitment to upholding their faith and fighting for changes in social, political, social structures and nature in our country in a peaceful way to achieve justice.
Therefore, the International Seminar on Ignatian Pedagogy and Spirituality (SIPEI – Seminario Internacional Sobre Pedagogía y Espiritualidad Ignacianas) held in Manresa, Spain in 2014 discusses these four values as the pillars and background of Jesuit education. Below is an explanation of the four C of the seminar which is complemented by profiles of Jesuit school graduates in Indonesia along with the Action Statement from a meeting of Educationist Delegates of Jesuit schools around the world in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil in 2017. The following is an explanation along with two values which are also developed at Gonzaga College High School.
Competence, according to Father Adolfo Nicolás SJ (the highest leader of the Society of Jesus in the 2008-2015 period), is the academic ability to advance science and technology. In other words, competence is the academic aspect that an individual possesses which leads him to in-depth knowledge, development of talents, skills, and the right abilities to achieve an effective professional achievement for human excellence. In short, competence is a person’s ability to do something efficiently and competently so that they can be relied on. Competent students are those who can interact with reality, learn to be amazed and amazed by reality, ask questions about this reality and can understand and solve problems that arise. A competent person is a person who continually learns to live; who must learn from the world, and at the same time transform it. So, a competent person is a person who can create, understand, and use knowledge and skills to live in its context then change it. A competent person means being able to work and develop together with other people; promotes collaboration rather than competition. In the Education Quality Standards for the Indonesian Jesuit School, a competent person is not only competent in academic strength but also has an unyielding spirit (perseverantia, grit, nggetih), and also physically fit.
Conscience is an intrinsic ability of an individual to sort and weigh between the good and the right decisions when taking an action. Thus, the person of conscience is a person who, apart from knowing himself, has proper knowledge and experience about society and all the imbalances that occur in it. They see the world as God sees it, explores the beauty and goodness of man and creation. They are also aware of the suffering, misery, and injustice that occur in the world. Education in the Jesuit schools shapes the morality and character of its students to strive for the common good with deep reflection and concrete actions that are appropriate. To achieve this endeavor, exploring and deepening of Ignatian Spirituality for students needs to be pursued and developed so that they feel accompanied by God who sending His Holy Spirit to help educators and students in exploring and sorting out the traces of our lives by imitating Jesus of Nazareth. The wealth of Ignatian Spirituality that can be further developed is the Daily Examen of Consciousness which invites students to consider what can make their lives better and closer to what God wants for their lives and the environment in which they live. By doing the Examen of Consciousness, students learn to listen to their conscience as well as take a path into their interiority where Allah is present and speaking. When they are accustomed entering into their interiority and conscience, these students can progressively undergo the Ignatian discernment process so their lives are more directed towards the will of Allah and the name of Allah will be glorified. A person with a conscience should show that he is reflective, grateful, and faithful.
Compassion is a prerequisite for positive action and not just a feeling of compassion for an individual or group. Compassion involves human dignity and the personal value that God loves. In short, compassion is the will and readiness attitude of a person to live with those who are suffering. The figure of reference of compassion is Jesus who understands our weaknesses but still denounces injustice. Thus, a compassionate person is a person who is able to develop feelings of compassion towards sensitivity to justice and solidarity with others. Intensive experience with the poor plays an important role in training oneself to be more compassionate. Experience and reflection about the poor are very important to bring students to solidarity so the educators and students can become agents of change and work together to realize God’s dream. Those who are compassionate show empathy, are generous in helping others, and have a special concern for the weak and the poor.
Commitment cannot be separated from compassion because it is always focused on upholding faith and efforts to change social, political, and social structures for the realization of justice. In other words, a committed person is a person who does courageous actions to enforce faith and justice. Including building an ecological commitment that loves the natural environment. Commitment to social justice is always related to commitment to the environment. A committed person should experience a transformative event that helps him to open his heart and mind so, he will excel in solidarity with those who are suffering, unlucky, and oppressed. Committed individuals show a leadership spirit who is self-aware, ingenuity (innovating and adapting), full of love, and has a spirit of heroism (having a vision of the future and striving to make it happen).
Character education at Gonzaga College High School develops values of human excellence to form a competent, conscientious, compassionate, and committed personality. Students can also explore the spirit of honesty and simplicity.
Honesty is a human quality in terms of communicating oneself and acting correctly. An honest person shows consistency in thoughts, words, and actions. Honesty is part of faith. An honest person means having real faith in the Creator. Honesty means using a trust that is given wholeheartedly.
Honesty is related to the value of truth. To put it simply, an honest person can express his personal facts and beliefs as well as possible. This attitude manifests can be seen in honest behavior towards others and towards oneself. The honest attitude appears in the personal motivation and inner reality of an individual. The quality of a person’s honesty includes all of his behavior. The authenticity of a person’s personality can be seen from the quality of his honesty.
An honest person claims that his own opinion can be wrong. Honest individuals want and need to listen to other people’s opinions. The quality of our openness to others will determine the level of self-honesty. If a person rejects a different point of view, the person is less interested in truth, then he ignores the value of honesty.
True honesty is not just willing to accept oneself and others as they are for the sake of mutual survival, for the sake of collective interests of the group. However, a truly honest person has the courage to accept the possibilities and potential of themselves and others. This is the creative dimension of the meaning of honesty, which is to develop all the potentials and possibilities that we have.
Practical academic dishonesty in educational contexts include:
This academic dishonesty has occurred a lot in the sphere of education, from elementary school to university level, with different levels of violations. Today, this kind of academic dishonesty is seen as a negative behavior that is not praiseworthy.
The value of simplicity is related to the ugahari attitude, which is a behavior to use something as it is as needed, not exceeding what it should be. The extravagant attitudes appear in activities that are excessive, for example participating in prom nights at hotels, parties which is unrelated and meaningless to the educational process. The other example is using cars to school without permission, showing off luxury goods (cars, cellphones, etc.), excessive consumption, wasting time for vain pleasures, and so on.
Conversely, a simple attitude appears in activities that are useful and beneficial to himself and others. Within the framework of education, this simple attitude can be realized in the maximum use of facilities and infrastructure for self-development, the spirit of working hard in learning, and forging oneself.
Gonzaga College high school students are expected to be a humanist with characters such as competence, conscience, compassion, commitment, honesty, and simplicity. With a good personality like this, they are expected to become agents of change for a better life. A person who truly serves and shares for each other: men and women for others. All of this is directed only For the greater glory of God. Ad Maiorem Dei Gloriam.
“Action Statement “to Act as a Universal Body with a Universal Mission”.” Rio de Janeiro: International Congress For Jesuit Education Delegates Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 2017.
ASJI, (Asosiasi Sekolah Jesuit Indonesia).
Standar Mutu Pendidikan Sekolah Yesuit. Jakarta: Penerbit Asosiasi Sekolah Jesuit Indonesia, 2017.
Secretariat for Education, Society of Jesus.
“Jesuit Education Aims to Human Excellence: Men and Women of Conscience, Competence, Compassion, and Commitment.” Rome: Society of Jesus, 2015.